Under the light microscope in some cells of anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) the nucleus is ring-shaped with a ‘central opening’ thus resembling a doughnut in look – doughnut cell.
ALCL is a rare cancer of the lymphocytes (the T-lymphocyte more precisely), a kind of white blood cell, thus the designation lymphoma. Anaplastic refers to cells that are abnormal in shape and function and large-cell pertains to the relatively big cells of this cancer.
Depending on individual circumstances treatment for ALCL can include, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgery, etc.
Singh S, Gupta N, Tekta GR. Imprint cytology facilitating the diagnosis of primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma of iliac fossa. J Cytol, 2012 29(4):267-9. Go to reference
Doughnut cell, doughnut